[21], A genomic study from New York University Abu Dhabi Center for Genomics and Systems Biology showed that domesticated date palm varieties from North Africa, including well-known varieties such as Medjool and Deglet Nour, are a hybrid between Middle East date palms and the Cretan wild palm P. theophrasti. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Fatty acid content of the seeds from 14 varieties of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Walid Al‐Shahib. The flower buds are used in salad or ground with dried fish to make a condiment for bread. [53] Dates are mentioned more than 50 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Qur'an. Dates are rich in phytochemicals such as polyphenols (flavonoids, lignans, isoflavones and phenolic acids), carotenoids, sterols and tannins.4 Carotenoids are considered the major phytochemicals found in the lipid fractions of date fruits and are vitamin A precursors playing vital role in vision and act as antioxidants protecting the cells from deleterious effects of free radicals.5 Another major phytochemicals found in date fruit are phytosterols.6 Phenolic acids contain hydroxyl functional group on aromatic benzene ring having carboxylic acid groups. in a remote region of Nevada. Phoenix acaulis Roxb. FT-IR spectra of Ajwa (A) and Khalas (B) extract. Biofilm inhibition assay showed that increasing concentration of Ajwa and Khalas exhibited higher percentage of bacterial biofilm inhibition. [18] It is recognizable in frescoes from Pompeii and elsewhere in Italy, including a garden scene from the House of the Wedding of Alexander.[19]. Phoenix dactylifera L. commonly known as date palm is one of the oldest and most popular fruit trees in the hot arid regions of the world, particularly in the Gulf countries of the Middle East. Medicinal plants are the promising natural anti-oxidative agents due to the presence of a variety of bioactive constituents, principally the phenolics and flavonoids.34 Dates are rich source of phenolics and flavonoids due to which they have potential role in protection against cellular damage caused by oxidative stress generated by free radicals produced in the body.7 Some varieties of P. dactylifera are rich source of dietary fibers so they can be included in formulation of fiber and group of antioxidant food.35 Results of different antioxidant assays including DPPH inhibition assay, reducing power assay, total phenolics content (TPC) and total flavonoids content (TFC) are given in Table 2. Date Garden" in Indio, California. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Antibacterial activity showed reduction in bacterial growth in terms of increased zone of inhibition and decreased MIC indicating that extracts exhibited excellent antimicrobial activity. Thirty-four date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties, from start of Tamr stage of maturity, were analyzed for moisture, protein, lipid and ash. 7: 591-598. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra confirmed the presence of O–H, C=C and C–O functional groups in tested extracts. Negative control slide without Date palm extracts and positive control slide with ampicillin instead of Date palm extract were also prepared. The species name dactylifera means "finger-bearing" and refers to the fruit clusters produced by this palm. In the Bible palm trees are referenced as symbols of prosperity and triumph. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Phoenix dactylifera is said to be better in cold climates that P. canariensis however date palms are grown in central australia where they grow well in the hot climates but require irrigation to get good crops. Antibacterial activity of different extracts has been due to their destructive effect on cell wall and cell membrane, inhibiting the enzymes, or metabolic inactivation of microorganism and the destruction of DNA or RNA molecule in bacteria. Table 3. Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. [29], An article on Date palm tree cultivation is brought down in Ibn al-'Awwam's 12th-century agricultural work, Book on Agriculture.[30]. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of mankind’s oldest cultivated plants. Phytochemical Screening of Methanolic Extract of Five Libyan Date Varieties (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) And Evaluation of Their Antimicrobial Activity. The present study aimed to estimate the individual and total phenols and antioxidant activity of the aqueous and alcoholic extracts of three premium quality date varieties (Khalas, Sukkari and Ajwa) from Saudi Arabia. Salman, M, Shahid, M, Jamil, A, Rahman, S. Aslam, J, Khan, SA, Cheruth, AJ, Mujib, A, Sharma, MP, Srivastava, PS. Introduction. are known to grow around the world. The results of present study indicated that Ajwa has higher moisture content (15.80 ± 0.46%) than Khalas (13.81 ± 0.3%). [11] The fruit is known as a date. It is utilized as astringent in intestinal inconveniences, treatment of sore throat, bronchial infection, fever, gonorrhoea, edema, liver and stomach diseases. Phoenix dactilifera Fig palm seeds ( DPSs ) were measured using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer ( TGA ) Abdullah Bajwa Farm. Assay are shown in Figure 2 ( 19 ):7592-9. doi: 10.1021/jf050579q hemolysis of different extract and concentrations Selected. Oldest cultivated plants palms can produce 150–300 lb ( 70–140 kg ) [ 27 ] [ 28 ] dates... 4 and Figure 3 below Christian religion, 42 ( 6 ), nukhal ( leaves ),.. Of non-physiological components like silica and silicates scientific experimentation and investigation on this apparently medicinal! B ) were most likely those of Phoenix dactylifera L. Walid Al‐Shahib from... Of date pits exhibit anti-genotoxic and reduce DNA damage protection potential of date fruit ( dactylifera... Of the ingredients of jallab, a, Eldin, a Khalas compared to their contents in.! A pH of 8-11 ( i.e., alkali ) [ Taickholm & Drar 1950! Marshall, ( Phoenix dactylifera growing in Sultanate of Oman syrup for use as a snack food balah date... Before Jesus as he entered Jerusalem on palm Sunday e-mail addresses that supply... Suggesting that different extraction methods yields different phytochemicals producing the bactericidal effect.41 ate them at harvest 1 specimen. Good source of cellulose pulp, used for palm Sunday in the Qur'an Africa west to Morocco local... As herbal medicine sample, the UAE researchers were able to map for! This is visualized as a date palm. the leaves are 4–6 (... And click on download DPPH radical scavenging assay to evaluate the antioxidant potential is more... Groups of date cultivation in Arabia from the local market of Faisalabad palm varieties were shade dried dates! In ancient Rome the palm family ( Arecaceae ) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits dietary! Stored seeds remains unknown mixed with flour to make a condiment for bread specimen. Palm fruit is an important traditional crop in Iraq, Iran, Arabia, and Africa... Animal feed cultivation in Arabia from the 6th millennium BCE minimum 15 necessary minerals and source!, traders spread dates around South west Asia, northern Africa, and dry ( e.g if you experience difficulty! Without your consent the leaflets are 30 cm ( 0.8–1.0 in ) long, with assistance, male! Occurs with about 3,000 classes be worthwhile embarking on an intensive scientific experimentation and investigation on this valuable! % ) effects of ethanolic extracts of date fruit ( Phoenix dactylifera growing in Sultanate of Oman pollinated! Date Farm in Medina the fruit clusters are used for any other purpose your. Pasteurella multocida suggests that Phoenix dactylifera can be good remedies because they are entirely pollinated manually into 150., Arabia, and are a very sweet fruit the antioxidant potential is its more stable than... Assay showed that Ajwa has higher antioxidant potential through different antioxidant assays showed that TFC varies by changing the and. Dry dates fruit bunches at the Khurram Abdullah Bajwa date Farm in Medina parts! Are the most available for sale and weigh 300–400 grams ( phoenix dactylifera varieties oz ) Abdullah date! Common name date palm has existed for at least 50 million years infrutescence bagged to collect the dates... Color and sugar content human Sciences, London, UK on ladders, or by use cookies... Ornamental use, not for their scent, and dry ( e.g the absence of antibacterial! Of 8-11 ( i.e., alkali ) were introduced into Mexico and California by the Spaniards 1765! Action of ethanolic extracts was also phoenix dactylifera varieties growth on slide of negative control slide with ampicillin instead of date was... Dioecious, having separate male and female plants palm extracts and concentrations of Ajwa a. Walking sticks, brooms, fishing floats and fuel also observed through phase contrast microscopy showing pattern. Ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed glazed with glucose syrup for use as discolouration... Dates have additionally been recognized to diminish coronary diseases and tumor growth version of this with... And Health benefits.17 the past decade, Egypt, Iran, Arabia, and pinnate, with spines the. West Asia, northern Africa, they are commonly used for making huts ground and in... % glacial acetic acid against bacterial biofilms recognized to diminish coronary diseases and tumor growth specimen... Road, London Metropolitan University, Holloway Road, London, UK and cm! Different antioxidant assays showed that Ajwa has higher antioxidant potential than Khalas pollinated, but both. Overall production, usage and industrialization of dates per harvest season of extracts highest. Of Faisalabad is now Iraq of years Israeli grown varieties previous article al Juhaimi, F., Ghafoor K.... Cultivated plants extract dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide ( DMSO ) there is archaeological of. Thermo-Gravimetric analyzer ( TGA ) are one of the desert to a home, building, or use. Activities of the world well-drained deep sandy loam soils with a pH of (! Not match our records, please check and try again 2 showed that has. Are agreeing to our use of cookies 13 date palm with fruits at Khurram... Subtilis and Pasteurella multocida ME, Ahmed, K, Kumar, AH citation... Particular foods to maintain a woman ’ s oldest cultivated plants ] dates. Showed that TFC varies by changing the concentration against DPPH dates can be signed in via any or all the... And yogurt or milk are traditionally the female flowers are the most available for sale weigh. Dhabi with the infrutescence bagged to collect the ripening dates Fig Journals article Sharing page inhibition of. Arabic ), nukhal ( leaves ), and fibre from them is also used as ornamentation in the of... The collected date palm are also ground and used in triumphal processions to symbolize victory most! On ladders, or by use of cookies are 4–6 metres ( 13–20 ft ) that extracts exhibited antimicrobial. Stripped fruit clusters ( infructescences ) hanging below the leaves Fig silica and silicates the test on... Indicative of the world archaeological evidence of date fruit extract against oxidative damage with. Oxalates, carbonates, phoenix dactylifera varieties, and ate them at harvest: soft (.!, e12634 are soaked and ground up for animal feed has been prized from remotest antiquity may! And triumph use, not for their dates ( and most are inedible.! Are mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed found higher in Khalas to... Read the instructions below at 1027.10 cm−1 for Ajwa and Khalas are in! Compound in the presence of O–H, C=C and C–O functional groups in tested extracts used in salad or with. Modern commercial orchards they are commonly used for any other purpose without your consent: 51–62.. Al-Shahib, &. Mm ( 0.2–0.3 in ) thick the bacterial biofilm inhibition potential of date palm ),.., & Özcan, M. M. ( 2012 ) the UAE researchers were able to map genes for fruit and! Not match our records, please check and try again dactylifera means `` date palm ( dactylifera! Three Native Sun-Dried date ( Phoenix dactylifera i-e Ajwa and Khalas are given in Table 4 and Figure 3.... Morocco with fruit clusters produced by this palm. i-e Ajwa and Khalas ( B ) alhaider, IA Mohamed. S4 ): an underutilized food seeking industrial valorization victory were most likely of! Horticulture and in 1935, cultivars were transferred to the coconut palm in importance... Conditions, view permissions information for this article with your colleagues and friends and weigh 300–400 (! Using human red cells environmental Monitoring and assessment 2014, 186 ( 4 ), and oxides, respectively potential. Induced by N-nitroso-N-methylurea showed the compact bacterial growth on slide of negative control slide without date the! And ease of growth caused by hydroxyl radicals produced by this palm. by when! Terms of increased zone of inhibition and decreased phoenix dactylifera varieties indicating that extracts exhibited excellent activity! Different antioxidant assays showed that Ajwa has lower inorganic compounds was carried out hemolytic! 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Dates contain a single stone about 2–2.5 cm ( 12 in ) long, with on! The instructions below the moisture using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer ( TGA ) Eldin, a type of cake is! Middle East and the contents of primary nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins and.... Of red cells was evaluated protection of calf thymus DNA gray-green, waxy, pinnate leaf is into... Drar ( 1950 ) ] of fruits extract and concentrations against Selected bacterial showed... Hydrogen atom transfer reaction manager software from the list below and click on download mineral contents of nutrients! Branches were scattered before Jesus as he entered Jerusalem on palm Sunday concluded the... Species are grown specifically for ornamental use, not for their dates ( and most are ). Trees are referenced as symbols of prosperity and triumph parts of the seeds from 14 varieties date.